AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF HAILE SELASSIE PDF

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Haile Selassie I born Tafari Makonnen was the emperor of Ethiopia from to , although he was in exile from to after Italy invaded the country. Prior to being emperor, he served as regent from to As emperor of Ethiopia —74 , Haile Selassie I was known for modernizing his country, for helping to establish the Organization of African Unity now the African Union in , for his exile —41 , and for being overthrown in Born Tafari Makonnen, he served as regent for Zauditu from to When Haile Selassie I died on August 27, , official sources at the time attributed his death to natural causes, but evidence later emerged suggesting that he had been strangled on the orders of the military government that had deposed him the previous year and then kept him under house arrest.

Educated at home by French missionaries, Tafari at an early age favourably impressed the emperor with his intellectual abilities and was promoted accordingly. As governor of Sidamo and then of Harer province, he followed progressive policies, seeking to break the feudal power of the local nobility by increasing the authority of the central government—for example, by developing a salaried civil service.

He thereby came to represent politically progressive elements of the population. Tafari became the rallying point of the Christian resistance, and he deposed Lij Yasu in While Zauditu was conservative in outlook, Ras Tafari was progressive and became the focus of the aspirations of the modernist younger generation. In he had a conspicuous success in the admission of Ethiopia to the League of Nations.

In the following year he visited Rome, Paris, and London, becoming the first Ethiopian ruler ever to go abroad. In he promulgated a new constitution, which strictly limited the powers of Parliament.

From the late s on, Haile Selassie in effect was the Ethiopian government, and, by establishing provincial schools, strengthening the police forces, and progressively outlawing feudal taxation, he sought to both help his people and increase the authority of the central government.

When Italy invaded Ethiopia in , Haile Selassie led the resistance, but in May he was forced into exile. He appealed for help from the League of Nations in a memorable speech that he delivered to that body in Geneva on June 30, British and Ethiopian forces invaded Ethiopia in January and recaptured Addis Ababa several months later.

Although he was reinstated as emperor, Haile Selassie had to recreate the authority he had previously exercised. He again implemented social, economic, and educational reforms in an attempt to modernize Ethiopian government and society on a slow and gradual basis.

In he granted a new constitution giving him as much power as the previous one. Overt opposition to his rule surfaced in December , when a dissident wing of the army secured control of Addis Ababa and was dislodged only after a sharp engagement with loyalist elements. Haile Selassie played a very important role in the establishment of the Organization of African Unity in His rule in Ethiopia continued until , at which time famine , worsening unemployment, and the political stagnation of his government prompted segments of the army to mutiny.

They deposed Haile Selassie and established a provisional military government that espoused Marxist ideologies. Haile Selassie was kept under house arrest in his own palace, where he spent the remainder of his life.

Official sources at the time attributed his death to natural causes, but evidence later emerged suggesting that he had been strangled on the orders of the military government. Haile Selassie was regarded as the messiah of the African race by the Rastafarian movement. Haile Selassie I. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Top Questions. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Ethiopia: The rise and reign of Haile Selassie I — Despite his efforts, by less than 10 percent of the children between the ages of seven and 12 were in school. Education at the secondary level benefited from the infusion of more than Peace Corps teachers in the s and early….

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He began writing it while in exile in Bath, England during that war; it covers his life and the administration and modernization of Ethiopia up to that point. The second volume covers , and Ethiopia's occupation by Italy and return to independence. Both volumes were edited extensively by assistant writers after Haile Selassie I's return to Ethiopia. They were published in Ethiopia in and ; English translations were published in and , respectively. Haile Selassie I wrote with an eye towards the political impact of publication, and addressed questions about the legitimacy of his power and position, and about his flight into exile in He published the books while he was still in power, shortly before he was deposed in a military coup in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Haile Selassie I

Haile Selassie I born Tafari Makonnen was the emperor of Ethiopia from to , although he was in exile from to after Italy invaded the country. Prior to being emperor, he served as regent from to As emperor of Ethiopia —74 , Haile Selassie I was known for modernizing his country, for helping to establish the Organization of African Unity now the African Union in , for his exile —41 , and for being overthrown in Born Tafari Makonnen, he served as regent for Zauditu from to When Haile Selassie I died on August 27, , official sources at the time attributed his death to natural causes, but evidence later emerged suggesting that he had been strangled on the orders of the military government that had deposed him the previous year and then kept him under house arrest. Educated at home by French missionaries, Tafari at an early age favourably impressed the emperor with his intellectual abilities and was promoted accordingly. As governor of Sidamo and then of Harer province, he followed progressive policies, seeking to break the feudal power of the local nobility by increasing the authority of the central government—for example, by developing a salaried civil service.

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