INTOXICATION AUX RATICIDES PDF

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The use of rodenticides may be necessary as rodents can carry diseases that can harm humans, damage buildings and contaminate food. However, using rodenticides can also involve risks to people, pets and the environment. Therefore, before using rodenticides, you should always consider the possibility of using non-chemical prevention and control methods e. Rodenticides can also cause severe accidental poisoning. Please consult the Belgian Poison Centre website for more information available only in French and Dutch :.

Today, there are two types of anticoagulant substances: first-generation anticoagulants warfarin, coumatetralyl tend to give way to second-generation anticoagulants flocoumafen, difethialone, brodifacoum, bromadiolone, difenacoum. As a result, all anticoagulant rodenticides with an active substance concentration of 0.

Only professionals are allowed to use these products. These products may be sold to the general public and to professionals. Three substances are currently approved at European level: carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide and aluminium phosphide.

Products containing these substances are used mainly by fumigation and are therefore strictly reserved for rat control professionals. The table below lists the main information you need to know before using rodenticides. However, it is imperative that you always read the product label and the Summary of Product Characteristics SPC carefully in order to know the exact conditions of use.

The user category is defined based on the authorisation holder and then assessed and approved by the competent authorities.

An anticoagulant rodenticide with an active substance concentration of 0. On the other hand, from 0. The most common target organisms are mice Mus musculus , black rats Rattus rattus and brown rats Rattus norvegicus. Rodenticides can be authorised for one or more target organisms. It is then necessary to first ensure that the product is suitable for the species responsible for the infestation.

The application dose and the distance between the bait points must be observed. Please note that the dose may differ depending on the target organism. Please note that the type of bait allowed differs according to the intended use and the active substance.

For further information, including information related to professional use, please consult the SPC. Closed circuit biocides may exceptionally be subject to derogations.

As a result of these derogations, the obligations imposed on users and sellers can be removed. The general public may therefore exceptionally use some closed circuit biocides. You need to consult the authorisation report section 8 to determine whether the product is classified in the free or closed circuit and whether there are any exceptions to the applicable closed circuit rules.

For further information about the closed circuit, please consult the relevant page on our website. The distribution by municipalities of products authorised for private use, with packaging intended for the general public and without repackaging of any kind, is legal.

In all other cases, municipalities are asked to comply with the regulations regarding packaging requirements in case of distribution. In the event of free distribution, we strongly recommend that municipalities fill in the secure bait stations themselves in order to prevent problems of repackaging. In concrete terms, we recommend that municipalities rent the secure bait stations upon payment of a deposit that can be recovered at the end of the period of use of the product.

Local residents must therefore apply to their municipal authorities to have the bait stations filled in by professionals. This procedure reduces the risks of improper use by non-professionals. The regional authorities are competent for rodent control regarding environmental protection. For more information about the regional actions you can visit the following websites:.

Skip to main content. What is a rodenticide? Types of rodenticides Relevant information about using rodenticides and where you can find it Sales channel free circuit and closed circuit Rodenticides and local authorities Rodent control and regional authorities 1.

Types of rodenticides Anticoagulants Today, there are two types of anticoagulant substances: first-generation anticoagulants warfarin, coumatetralyl tend to give way to second-generation anticoagulants flocoumafen, difethialone, brodifacoum, bromadiolone, difenacoum. Other substances with a systemic effect Three substances are currently approved at European level: carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide and aluminium phosphide. Relevant information about using rodenticides and where you can find it The table below lists the main information you need to know before using rodenticides.

User category The user category is defined based on the authorisation holder and then assessed and approved by the competent authorities. Remove dead rodents during and at the end of the treatment period Remove the baits at the end of the treatment period Rodenticides should not be used preventively except for some professional uses, see SPC.

Please note that the table above mainly applies to the most commonly used anticoagulant rodenticides. For further questions, please contact our helpdesk. Rodenticides and local authorities The distribution by municipalities of products authorised for private use, with packaging intended for the general public and without repackaging of any kind, is legal.

Rodent control and regional authorities The regional authorities are competent for rodent control regarding environmental protection. Ready-to-use bait for use in secure bait stations Covered and protected bait stations Pulsed baiting Please note that the type of bait allowed differs according to the intended use and the active substance. Maximum quantity of bait per pack mice only : grain, pellet or paste: 50 g block: g Maximum quantity of bait per pack rats only or mice and rats : grain, pellet or paste: g block: g.

Indoors Outdoors around buildings Open areas Waste dumps landfills Sewers Please note that the use in burrows is prohibited for some products. Focus on traps Remove all food easily accessible to rodents Do not clean the area to treat in order to avoid disturbing rodent populations Place the bait close to where the rodent activity took place.

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