Federico Krutwig Sagredo — was a Spanish Basque writer, philosopher and politician, author of several books. The thought of both authors, melding Basque nationalism and Anarchism gave birth to a minor political current known as Anarko abertzalism Anarcho-independentism , which eventually merged within the hybrid of Marxism and Anarchism known as Autonomism. Federico Krutwig was born on 15 May in Getxo , the son of a bourgeois family of German origin. He taught himself the Basque language. He joined the Basque-Language Academy in , where he favoured the standardisation of Basque around the Labourdine dialect of the first printed books in Basque, and with an etymological orthography. However, the Academy preferred the Guipuscoan dialect as the basis of Standard Basque.
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The Legitimization of Violence pp Cite as. The history of violence in Spain is a complex one. It has its ideological as well as its ethnic sources. Competing strands, Catholic, conciliar, monarchist, anarchist, communist, Trotskyist, socialist and that strange amalgam of corporatism, monarchism, and Catholicism represented by Franco, have all left their residue in a country in which localism and an extraordinary imperial history remain retrievable memories.
Monarchy, republic, civil war, dictatorship, autocracy, democracy — these have succeeded each other at the state level with Spain perhaps today one of the more stable and increasingly prosperous countries in the European community.
Such progress has eroded Basque nationalism. So have crackdowns on terrorists who have taken refuge on the French side of the border by the French government. But acts of terrorism continue and Basque nationalism and separatism remain a festering sore in the Spanish polity. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content.
David E. On the principles of the method for the sociological project, cf. Alain Touraine, La voix et le regard Paris: Seuil, Francisco Letamendia, Les Basques. San Sebastian: Haranburu, 2 vols Google Scholar. Juan Aranzadi, Milenarismo vasco Madrid: Taurus, Theodor Adorno et al. James C. James B. Regarding this trial, cf. For an account, cf. For a first presentation of this concept, cf.
Regarding this episode and this period, cf. Regarding Iparretarrak, cf. Personalised recommendations. Cite chapter How to cite? ENW EndNote. Buy options.
ETA and Basque Political Violence