DIARY OF A MADMAN BY LU XUN PDF

You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Two brothers, whose names I need not mention here, were both good friends of mine in high school; but after a separation of many years we gradually lost touch. Some time ago I happened to hear that one of them was seriously ill, and since I was going back to my old home I broke my journey to call on them, I saw only one, however, who told me that the invalid was his younger brother. I took the diary away, read it through, and found that he had suffered from a form of persecution complex. The writing was most confused and incoherent, and he had made many wild statements; moreover he had omitted to give any dates, so that only by the colour of the ink and the differences in the writing could one tell that it was not written at one time.

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It was the first and most influential modern work written in vernacular Chinese in the republican era, and would become a cornerstone piece of the New Culture Movement. It is placed first in Call to Arms , a collection of short stories by Lu Xun.

The story was often referred to as "China's first modern short story". The diary form was inspired by Nikolai Gogol 's short story " Diary of a Madman ", as was the idea of the madman who sees reality more clearly than those around him.

The "madman" sees " cannibalism " both in his family and the village around him, and he then finds cannibalism in the Confucian classics which had long been credited with a humanistic concern for the mutual obligations of society, and thus for the superiority of Confucian civilization. The story was read as an ironic attack on traditional Chinese culture and a call for a New Culture.

The story presents itself as diary entries in Vernacular Chinese of a madman who, according to the foreword, written in Classical Chinese , has now been cured of his paranoia. After extensively studying the Four books and five classics of old Confucian culture, the diary writer, the supposed "madman", begins to see the words "Eat People!

Seeing the people in his village as potential man-eaters, he is gripped by the fear that everyone, including his brother, his venerable doctor and his neighbors, who are crowding about watching him, are harboring cannibalistic thoughts on him. Despite the brother's apparently genuine concern, the narrator still regards him as a big threat, as big as any stranger. Towards the end the narrator turns his concern to the younger generation, especially his late sister who died when she was five as he is afraid they will be cannibalized.

By then he is convinced that his late sister had been eaten up by his brother, and that he himself might have unwittingly tasted her flesh. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Diary of a Madman disambiguation. A Madman's Diary. Harvard University Press , China portal Writing portal. Works by Lu Xun. Selected Stories of Lu Hsun.

A Brief History of Chinese Fiction. The True Story of Ah Q. Categories : short stories Chinese Republican era short stories Fiction with unreliable narrators.

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Kwangren Ryhjih. K'uang 2 -jen 2 Jih 4 -chi 4. Kwong 4 -jan 4 Jat 3 -gei 6. Wikisource has original text related to this article: A Madman's Diary.

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Diary of a Madman

It was the first and most influential modern work written in vernacular Chinese in the republican era, and would become a cornerstone piece of the New Culture Movement. It is placed first in Call to Arms , a collection of short stories by Lu Xun. The story was often referred to as "China's first modern short story". The diary form was inspired by Nikolai Gogol 's short story " Diary of a Madman ", as was the idea of the madman who sees reality more clearly than those around him. The "madman" sees " cannibalism " both in his family and the village around him, and he then finds cannibalism in the Confucian classics which had long been credited with a humanistic concern for the mutual obligations of society, and thus for the superiority of Confucian civilization.

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Xun's Diary of a Madman: Analysis & Interpretation

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Lu Xun’s ‘Diary of a Madman’ 100 years on

The Ohio State University. A hundred years ago, Lu Xun published a short story that would forever leave its mark on both Chinese fiction and Chinese history. Convinced that his parents are engaging in cannibalism — and are grooming him to be cannibalized in the near future — the madman progressively loses his grip on reality. Or so we are told. More pressing for Lu Xun, however, was a metaphorical type of cannibalism, one meant to indicate the repressive feudal order of his time. For Lu Xun, Chinese society as a whole was cannibalistic, oppressing and devouring those who were least able to fend for themselves. It was also not by chance that Lu Xun chose to offer such a scathing critique through the character of the madman.

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A Madman's Diary

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