Following this, she pursued social studies, combining academic interests with engagement in social activism, first in the United States of America and later in Iran. Professor Najmabadi's most recent research has been concerned with the study of the ways in which concepts and practices of sex and sexuality have transformed in Iran, from the late-nineteenth-century to the present-day Iran. In , she supported U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Born December 29, , in Iran. She earned an M. Najmabadi researches issues pertaining to women, Islam, and the Middle East. In Iran, there is a traditional story dating back to about a group of women and girls who were taken captive by invading Turkomen or sold into slavery by impoverished fathers to pay their taxes.
These Quchani women came to symbolize all Iranian daughters, and the shame and grief of the fathers became that of the nation. The Story of the Daughters of Quchan: Gender and National Memory in Iranian History retells that story and its evolution, as well as its effect on national policy.
In there was an attempt by a new government, the National Consultative Assembly, or Majlis, to return the lost women and punish officials responsible for their loss. Although it was realistically impossible to retrieve the women, the resulting trial laid the groundwork for the workings of the new government. At the time it occurred, the loss of the daughters of Quchan was an important event and an influential episode in the organization of the government, but the incident has been passed over in histories written about the revolution.
Najmabadi's book asks why this is so and attempts to correct the oversight. Tina Davidson and Ruth Roach Pierson, in their review of The Story of the Daughters of Quchan for the Journal of Women's History, believed that Najmabadi has made her point well: "Najmabadi has convincingly demonstrated that the story of the daughters of Quchan was of critical significance to contemporaries and to early developments in Iran's constitutional history, but that their exclusion from the subsequent historical record is based on a fundamental flaw in the way that Iranian history has been conceived and written.
When Najmabadi began working on Women with Mustaches and Men without Beards: Gender and Sexual Anxieties of Iranian Modernity she intended to write a modern history of Iran that included women as more than a sidelight.
In the course of her research, however, she came to realize that in Iran gender separation is a relatively new concept. She posits that in the early nineteenth century the standards of beauty for males and females were the same and that maleness was different from manhood. Many ideas about male love and beauty that were at the time considered social norms, and included homoeroticism and homosexuality within the spectrum of maleness, began, by the end of the century, to be classified as effeminate and unnatural.
Beauty became feminized, and heterosexual love became a condition of normalcy. At the same time, women were coming out of the home and into public life, being educated albeit for raising educated sons , and finding their family dynamic transformed. Reviewing Women with Mustaches and Men without Beards for the Middle East Journal, Azadeh Kian-Thiebaut praised it as an important work: "This book is a rich, original, and groundbreaking work and a major contribution to the understanding of Iranian modern culture.
Katz wrote: "This richly textured study makes an important and original contribution to the literature on Iran. Beck, review of Women with Mustaches and Men without Beards, p.
Historian, March 22, , Jonathan G. Katz, review of Women with Mustaches and Men without Beards, p. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. May 23, Retrieved May 23, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
Home Arts Educational magazines Najmabadi, Afsaneh Najmabadi, Afsaneh gale. Nahzat-i nisvan-i sharq, Shirazah Tehran, Iran , Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. More From encyclopedia. While sex is the biologically defined capacity of the human bo… Womens Rights , Women's Rights Movement This entry includes 2 subentries: The Nineteenth Century The Twentieth Century The Nineteenth Century During the Colonial era… Renaissance , In the medieval period, few women described women's lives; mostly, the record was written by men, expressing men's perception.
From nineteenth-century Canadian women's suffrage campaigns to recent direct…. About this article Najmabadi, Afsaneh Updated About encyclopedia. Melman, Billie —. Freedman, Estelle B renda Morgan, Francesca Francesca Constance Morgan. Mehta, Sunita Sunita B.
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Najmabadi, Afsaneh 1946-
More about this series. Author: Afsaneh Najmabadi. Upper-division undergraduates and above. Rassam, Choice. Transsexuality in Iran became a topic of international interest ten years ago, on the idea the the Islamic Republic was using gender reassignment surgery to repress homosexuality.